湖南成人学士学位英语考试复习资料大全

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一、时态和语态

1.如何解答时态问题

例1:You’ve already missed too many classes this term. You ______ just last week.

A. missed

B. would miss

C. had missed

D. have missed

例2:Anne asked Tom ______ the key.

A. when he left

B. where he had left

C. how he left

D. why did he left

考试重点:

2. 与完成时有关的时态

★现在完成时 (have done) since, for/ in the past few months, up to now

例1:Collecting toy cars as a hobby becomes increasingly popular during the past fifty years.

A B C D

例2:

A. has been taught

B. was being taught

C. has been taught

D. had been taught.

★过去完成时 (had done)

例3:Anne asked Tom ______ the key.

A. when he left

B. where he had left

C. how he left

D. why did he left

例4:The chemistry class_____ for five minutes when we hurried there.

A. had been on

B. had begun

C. has been on

D. would began

★将来完成时 (will have done) by

例5:We’

A. had already started

B. have already

C. will already have started

D. have already been started.

★现在完成进行时 (have been doing)

例6:

it right.

A. had leaked

B. is leaking

C. leaked

D. has been leaking

★过去完成进行时 (had been doing)

★将来完成进行时(will have been doing )

例7

A. I will study

B. I will have been studied

C. I had studied

D. I will have been studying.

3. 在时间和条件状语从句中不用将来时态

▲用一般现在时代替一般将来时

例1

A. will heat

B. will be heated

C. is heated

D. has heated

例2:

A. will come

B. would come

C. shall come

D. come

▲用现在完成时代替将来完成时

例3:

A. will finish

B. has finished

C. finish

D. would finish

注意:

例4:No one can be sure if the car on display fits him or her until he or she______ them.

A. tries

B. will try

C. are trying

D. have tried

4. 考试小窍门

◆考试中如果遇到与完成时态相关的选项,要重点加以研读,一般说来是正确答案。

二、情态动词

1.几个情态动词的否定式的含义

can’t may not mustn’t need’t

2.表示推测的几个情态动词用法

★must表示肯定的推测,意思是“一定”

+do 对现在情况的推测

must

+have done 对过去情况的推测

例1:

A. might fall

B. must fall

C. must have fallen

D. can have fallen ★can’t/could’t表示否定的推测,意思是“不可能”

+do 对现在情况的推测

can’t/couldn’t

+have done 对过去情况的推测

★ may/might not表示可能性很小的推测,意思是“也许…”

+do 对现在情况的推测

may/might

+have done 对过去情况的推测

3.情态动词的完成时虚拟语气的用法

needn’t have done should have done should not have done

ought to have done could have done

4.考试小窍门

在遇到情态动词加完成时和情态动词加原形同时出现的情况下,一般说来情态动词加完成时是正确答案。×Must do √ Must have done

三、虚拟语气

考试重点:

1.条件句中的虚拟语气

例1:I would ask George to lend us the money if I ______ him.

A. had known

B. have known

C. knew

D. would know

例2:If a better material ______, the strength of the part would have been increased.

A. had been used

B. had been using

C. being used

D. using

条件句中的虚拟语气需要注意以下三点:

? 如果条件句中有were, had, should时,可以把if省略,然后把这三个单词提前,形成倒装。

例3:_____ the advice of his friends, he would not have suffered such a heavy loss in his business.

A. If he took

B. if he should take

C. Were he to take

D. Had he taken

? 含蓄条件句中虚拟语气的应用

三级考试中经常出现的三个句型:

But for/without…,…………, otherwise/or………, buthough….

A. did not finish

B. could not finish

A. will not finish D. would not have finished

A. is

B. will be

C. would have been

D. would be

例6:

A. would have come

B. would come

C. could come

D. had come

例7:We would have made a lot of money, but we halfway

A. gave up

B. had given up

C.would give up

D. were to give up

? 错综时间条件句

例8:

2. (should )+动词原形在某些从句中的应用

? 1)当宾语从句从的谓语是suggest, request, insist, desire , demand, propose, order, command, arrange等动词时,如:

例1:

注意:当insist表示坚持认为之意时, 不用虚拟语气,用陈述语气. 如:

例2:

? 2) It is ordered/desired/decided/requested/strange/important\

atural/等后的主语从句中

例3:

? 3) advice, idea, order, plan, demand, proposal, suggestion, reques t等名词之后的表语从句和同位语从句中.如:

3. wish后的宾与从句中应当用虚拟语气

4. if only 引导的感叹句中

5. as if/as though引导的状语从句中

6. would rather后的句子的虚拟语气谓语动词用过去式

7. it is (high) time that ….句型中, 从句的谓语动词用过去式

四、非谓语动词

1. 不定式

?不定式的逻辑主语

例1:

例2:

例3:

?不定式的时态和语态

例4:The magnificent museum is said _____ about a hundred years ago.

A. to be built

B. to have been built

C. to have built

D. to have being built

?使用不带to的不定式

1)why not do表示委婉的建议

A. ask

B. you ask

C. to ask

D. your asking

2)使役动词have, make, let的后面接不定式做宾语补足语时,用省to的不定式。

例2:The teacher has

A. to write

B. written

C. writing

D. write

例3:While he was climbing the high mountain, he had

A. broke

B. break

C. broken

D. breaking

例4:There was so much noise that the speaker couldn’t make

A. hearing

B. being told

C. to hear

D. heard

3)表示生理感觉的动词如see, watch, notice, observe, hear后面接不定式做宾语补足语时,用省to的不定式。

例5:With tears on her face, the old lady watched

A. send

B. to be sent

C. being sent

D. sending

4)do something but/except do

例6:There is nothing we can do _____ wait.

A. but

B. rather than

C. in spite of C. besides.

5)记住下列不带to的短语

can’t but can’t help but had better

2.动名词

1. 有些动词后面既可以接动名词又可以接不定式,但意思有差异

remember forget regret stop go on mean

2. 后面跟动名词的固定句式

have trouble/problems/difficult doing something feel like

sp end/waste…doing something can’t help need/deserve/want

be worth what about/how about

3. 分词

分词作表语

独立主格结构

例1:During the discussion, Mr Boyd remained silent when asking his opinion.

A B C D

例2:Your experiment reports must be checked with care before_______

A. handed them in

B. them handing in

C. being handed in

D. handing them in

例3:_______ in the air fuels give off heat.

A. T burn

B. Burned

C. T be burned

D. Being burned

五、状语从句

考试重点:

1.时间状语从句

★ while/

when/

as/

until

★一…就…

no sooner…than/

hardly…when/

scarcely…when

★ the moment

the minute

the instant

★固定句型

It is/has been ….since…

1. 原因状语从句

now that in that

2. 条件状语从句

unless as long as provided that 3. 让步状语从句

as though

althoug

h

even if even

though

while whateve

r

例1:If you read the book a second time, and you will probably have quite a different

A B C

understanding of the events described in it.

D

例2:Hard as he worked, but Mr. Brown couldn’t keep the shop properly.

A B C D

六、平行结构

and, or, but

比较级

例1:I enjoy eating in good restaurants and to go to the theater afterwards.

A B C D

例2:It usually takes much less time to fly from one country to another than traveling by train.

A B C D

例3:The rooms were then empty and most of them have been shut up.

A B C D

Prefer引出的平行结构:

Prefer something to something

Prefer doing something to doing something

Prefer to do something rather than do something

Prefer的特殊用法:

Prefer somebody to do something

e.g : I prefer you to speak English in the class.

1、a number of, the number of

a number of +可数名词,谓语用复数,意为许多,大量的……

the number of +可数名词,谓语用单数,意为……的数目

2、able, capable, competent

able为常用词,指具有做某事所需的力量,技巧,知识与时间等,搭配是be able to do s.th。如:A cat is able to see in the dark. (猫在黑暗中能看见东西。)

capable 指满足一般要求的能力,搭配是be capable of +doing。

competent 指“胜任”,“合格”,或受过专业技术等训练的,但不是超群的能力。如:A doctor should be competent to treat many diseases. (医生应该能治多种病。)

3、above all;after all;at all; in all

above all意为“尤其是”、“首先”、“最重要的是”,常位于句首或句中,作插入语,起强调作用。如: But above all tell me quickly what I have to do.可首先快些告诉我该做什么。

以下内容为系统自动转化的文字版,可能排版等有问题,仅供您参考:

一、时态和语态 1. 如何解答时态问题 例 1:You’ve already missed too many classes this term. You ______ just last week. A. missed B. would miss C. had missed D. have missed 例 2:Anne asked Tom ______ the key. A. when he left B. where he had left C. how he left D. why did he left 考试重点: 2. 与完成时有关的时态 ★现在完成时 (have done) since, for/ in the past few months, up to now 例 1:Collecting toy cars as a hobby becomes increasingly popular during the past fifty years. A B C D 例 2:English ______ in a new way at my college in the past few years. A. has been taught B. was being taught C. has been taught D. had been taught. ★过去完成时 (had done) 例 3:Anne asked Tom ______ the key. A. when he left B. where he had left C. how he left D. why did he left 例 4:The chemistry class_____ for five minutes when we hurried there. A. had been on B. had begun C. has been on D. would began ★将来完成时 (will have done) by 例 5:We’re late I expect the film_____ by the time we get to the cinema. A. had already started B. have already C. will already have started D. have already been started. ★现在完成进行时 (have been doing) 例 6:It seems oil ___________ from this pipe for some time. We'll have to take the machine apart to put it right. A. had leaked B. is leaking C. leaked D. has been leaking ★过去完成进行时 (had been doing) ★ 将来完成进行时(will have been doing ) 例 7: By the time you arrive this evening, _______for two hours. A. I will study B. I will have been studied C. I had studied D. I will have been studying. 3. 在时间和条件状语从句中不用将来时态 ▲用一般现在时代替一般将来时 例 1: When th


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