希望英语(第二版)综合教程2 U5

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希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程 12 希望英语 (第二版) 综合教程

Unit 5 Entertainment

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希望英语(第二版)综合教程 2

Speaking

Unit 5 Entertainment

Reading B & Reading C

Reading A

Writing

Grammar Presentation Listening

Speaking

Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Home

Speaking

Task 1

Look at the pictures on page 66 and list words or phrases about them. Then share your work with others.

Suggested Words: bar dancing passive nightlife enjoy lonely music fun lazy entertainment excitement outdoor activities

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Speaking

Task 2

Use the following sentence patterns and the words or phrases from Task 1 to talk about the pictures on Page 66.

A. Some … while others … B. Unlike …

Sample Sentences:

Some people like spending some time in a bar while others prefer watching TV at home.

Unlike outdoor activities, watching TV provides passive entertainment.

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Speaking

Task 3

Work in pairs. Take turns asking your partner the following questions and make notes. Organize your notes and report to the class using the given paragraph as a model.

? Is age an important factor in the entertainment choices? Why or why not? ? What do you usually do for fun? ? What are the advantages and disadvantages of outdoor entertainment?

Tom’s grandpa is 70, but he is still looking for active entertainment. Unlike most people his age who spend most of their time watching TV, he loves all kinds of outdoor activities, from looking around in a crowded shopping mall to cheering for his favorite football team in the stadium, and from fishing by the lake to taking a walk in the woods with his dog. He simply cannot stop moving about. Recently, he has found something more exciting—dancing, which he has never been good at all his life.

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Model Report

Reading A

Task 1 Task 2 Text Language Points Task 3 Task 4

Home

Task 5 Task 6

Task 7

Task 8

Reading A

Task 1

Give brief answers to the following questions. Then ask your partner about his/her answers and take notes.

1. How long do you watch TV every day when at home?

(Open.)

2. Why do you watch TV?

Because I can learn a lot of things from TV programs. Because TV provides good entertainment for us.

3. What else do you do with a TV set besides watching programs?

I do nothing else. I play video games, too. I watch DVDs/VCDs on a TV set.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Couch Potato

If I had the ability to change one thing about American society, my decision would not be a difficult one. I would ban television.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

I grew up a couch potato. I owned several couch potato manuals, and can still clearly recall some suggestions outlined within. I mention these because, looking back, it seems I hardly read anything else at all—I watched TV almost seven hours a day.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

There are so many good reasons for you to be a couch potato. Television is good before-breakfast entertainment. Television is good after-school entertainment. Television is good before-bed entertainment. Everybody watches it, so you have to watch it too in order to talk about it with friends. Otherwise you cannot say a word, which makes you look like an idiot.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

But when I stopped watching television completely several months ago, I found that I had become a more reflective person, simply because I had more time to think. Television had stopped stuffing its ideas into my head. I was pondering my childhood, and to my dismay, I found that it could be summed up adequately in one sentence: “I watched a lot of TV.” And I wasted too much of my youth that I cannot have back. I will never be more imaginative, vigorous than I was in my childhood.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

One of my older brothers, Andrew, hasn’t owned a television since he

entered college four years ago. I always thought this was ridiculous. How boring life would be without a TV! He always suggested that I quit watching, but I declined, explaining I watched just four hours a day.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Last summer I enrolled in the university and studied Japanese. I had no television in my apartment, so I spent my leisure time reading, doing homework, or working in a mall as a cashier. The most amazing thing I found was the world did not end . Nothing changed. I didn’t miss out any news items. If anything, I was more relaxed .

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Late in my stay, I got a roommate. John had driven from Minnesota to Alaska for a job in Denali National Park. When he got there he found it was not as desirable as he expected. He applied for another job as a waiter at a local restaurant. When it fell through again, he became frustrated and an outand-out couch potato. Most often he found TV programs boring, but he would keep changing channels. When I returned from my job, I would see him watching television for hours on end . I wanted to shout at him “Get out of here and do something!”

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

I know I couldn’t talk him into stopping being a couch potato. There are so many of them. I realized I had some reasons of my own to do research on the subject of television.

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Reading A

Task 2 Text

Now I can totally resist the temptation of TV no matter how marvelous the programs are, and I’m entering into a new stage of life. In the meantime, I’d hope that all couch potatoes would turn off their TV. But I fear that with the progress of “Nintendo” and “Sega” home video games, I’m not going to be the last person in this country to idle away the best years of life sitting passively in front of a television.

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Reading A 电视懒虫

如果我有能力为美国社会带来一点变化,做 决定并不困难。我会取缔电视。

Text

Reading A

我从小就是个电视懒虫,有过几本电视懒虫指 南,现在我还能清楚地回忆起其中列出的一些建议。 我之所以提及这些,是因为回想起来,我似乎根本 就没读过其他东西——每天我要看大约7 个小时的 电视。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

成为电视懒虫有许多理由。看电视是很好的 早餐前娱乐,看电视是很好的放学后娱乐,看电 视还是很好的睡前娱乐。人人都看,所以你也得 看,这样才能与朋友交谈。不然的话,在朋友面 前你插不上话,这会让你看起来像个傻瓜。

Text

A-Trans-4

Reading A

但是几个月前我彻底不看电视了,结果我发现 自己变成了一个更勤于思考的人,就是因为我有更 多的时间去思考了。电视再不能把它的思想塞进我 的脑子里。反思我的童年,让我惊讶的是,我发现 用一句话就足以概括我的童年:“我看了许多电 视。”而且,我浪费了太多的青春时光,再也不能 追回了。我再也不会像孩童时代那样富有想象力和 充满活力了。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

我的哥哥安德鲁,自从4 年前读大学起就一 直不看电视。我过去总认为这很荒唐。没有电视 的生活将是多么无聊乏味!他总是建议我不要再 看电视。但我拒绝了,我解释说我一天只看4小时。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

去年夏天我上了大学,学习日文。公寓里没 有电视,因此,空暇时间里我读书、做功课或去 超市做收银员。最让我惊奇的是,我发现天并没 有塌下来,什么都没改变,我也没有错过任何新 闻。要说有什么变化,那就是我变得更放松了。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

在搬出公寓前不久,我有了一个室友约翰。为 了德纳里峰国家公园的一份工作,他从明尼苏达开 车来到阿拉斯加。可当他到了那儿,却发现那工作 并不如意。后来他去当地一家餐馆应聘服务员,但 又没成功。于是他变得十分沮丧,成了一个彻头彻 尾的电视懒虫。大部分时候,他都觉得电视节目枯 燥无味,但他会不停地更换频道。我下班回来,总 是发现他在看电视,而且一看就是好几个小时。我 真想对他吼一声:“出去做点事,好不好!”

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

我知道自己不可能说服他不泡电视。这样的人 太多了。我知道自己有理由来研究一下电视问题。

Text

A-Trans-3

Reading A

现在无论电视节目有多精彩,我都能完全抵挡 住它的诱惑。我正迈入一个新的生活阶段。同时, 我希望所有的电视懒虫都能关掉电视。但是我担心, 随着“任天堂”和“世嘉”家庭电视游戏的发展, 在这个国家中我不会是最后一个被动地坐在电视机 前虚度黄金岁月的人。

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

ban

v. to forbid, esp. by law e.g. The new military government has banned strikes and demonstrations.

Translation 杰克被禁止开车一年。 Jack has been banned from driving for a year.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

recall

v. to bring (something/somebody) back into the mind e.g. She recalled that he left early.

Translation 你能回忆起昨晚发生什么事儿么? Can you recall what happened last night?

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

outline

v. to give a short general description of (something) e.g. We outlined our main objections to the proposal.

Translation 新班长概述了他的职责。

The new monitor outlined his responsibilities.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

stuff

v. to fill something tightly with something else e.g. He stuffed the shoe with newspapers.

Translation 在她床底下,他们找到了一个装满了钱的袋子。 Under her bed, they found a bag stuffed with money.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

ponder

v. to spend time thinking carefully and seriously about a problem, or a difficult question

e.g. They’re pondering moving their offices outside London. Translation 他走回家时一路在考虑这个问题。 He continued to ponder the problem as he walked home.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

to one’s dismay

causing fear and hopelessness e.g. To their dismay, the factory has been closed.

Translation 让她害怕的是,考试提前了一个月。

To her dismay, the exam was a month earlier.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

sum up

to give a statement of the main points of (a report, a speech, a trial, etc.) e.g. The last section sums up all the arguments on their side. Translation 在最后一段,总结你的文章。 In your final paragraph, sum up your article.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

quit

v. to stop (doing something) and leave

e.g. I’ve quit my job because I can’t put up with my boss any more.

Translation 我希望你能停止抱怨。 I wish you’d quit complaining.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

decline

v. to refuse something offered, usually politely

e.g. I invited her to join us, but she declined.

Translation 我邀请他来开会,但是他拒绝了。 I invited him to the meeting but he declined.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

the world did not end

it was not the end of the world e.g. The world will not end if you fail an exam..

Translation 就算她拒绝你,也不会是世界末日。 Even if she refuses you, the world will not end.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

miss out

to fail to include e.g. His account of the accident misses out one or two important points. Translation 你做菜的时候,把奶酪忘掉了。

When you were cooking, you missed out the cheese.

.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

If anything, I was more relaxed

If there were anything changed, it would be that I became more relaxed after I quit watching television.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

apply for

to request something, esp. officially and in writing

e.g. I made up my mind to apply for a scholarship. Translation 她申请了一份在当地报社的工作。 She applied for a job in the local newspaper.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

fall through

to fail to be completed; to come to nothing e.g. Our holiday plans fell through because of transport strikes. Translation 总而言之,整个计划完全失败了。 In a word, the whole plan fell through.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

on end

a. continuously e.g. They argued for two hours on end.

Translation 接连下了四个星期的雨。 It rained for four weeks on end.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

talk somebody into doing something

to persuade somebody to do something e.g. He talked his father into lending him the car. Translation 他们劝我和他们一起去游泳。 They talked me into going swimming with them.

Text

tackle

Reading A

Task 2 Language Points

idle away

to waste (time) doing nothing e.g. We idled away the whole afternoon on the beach. Translation 他没有虚度整个假期。 He did not idle away his entire vacation.

Text

Reading A

Task 3

Read the passage again and fill in the following table.

Writer’s Experience with TV

While Being a Couch Potato

The Writer Grew Up a Couch Potato Watched TV seven hours a day. Hardly read anything else at all.

After Quitting Watching TV

The world did not end. Findings Nothing changed. Became a more reflective person. Had more time to think. Wasted too much of youth. (regretful) More relaxed. Entering into a new stage of life.

TV is good entertainment. Reasons Everybody watches it.

Feelings

Attitudes Toward Andrew

Ridiculous for not owning a TV. How boring.

Attitudes Toward John

Wanted to shout at him.

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Reading A

Task 4

Fill in the blanks with words or phrases from the reading on Page 69 according to the meaning in the column on the right. The first letters are already given. Then compare with your partner.

a _____ pply r _____ ecall s _____ tuff f _____ rustrate q ____ uit r ____ esist o ____ utline i ______ _______ dle away s ______ _______ um up m iss ______ out ______ request something, esp. in writing bring something/somebody back into mind fill something tightly with something else upset or discourage stop something or doing something succeed in not giving in to give a short description of something do nothing; waste time give a brief statement of the main points of something fail to include something/somebody in

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Reading A

Task 5

Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from Task 4. Change forms if necessary.

1. At the meeting the director _____________ a five-point program for outlined reconstruction. applying 2. Mary is thinking of ____________to that famous company for a post. resist 3. He found it hard to __________ the temptation to smoke a cigarette. frustrated 4. Joan was ____________ by the lack of praise given to her work. idle away 5. Some residents were cutting the grass, washing their cars to ____________ a pleasant, sunny day.

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Reading A

Task 5

Complete the following sentences with words or phrases from Task 4. Change forms if necessary.

quit 6. This medicine can help people _________ smoking without putting on weight. missed out 7. When the teacher was giving the children sweets, she __________Tom and Christine. recall 8. Though I used to go to Mr. Brown’s, surprisingly, I can’t __________ where he lives now. stuffing 9. The children are ___________ some tree branches down the hole to drive out the rabbit. 10. It is really hard for me to __________ their suggestions in a few words. sum up

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Reading A

Task 6

Complete the following sentences using the following words or phrases plus something of your own.

recall frustrate apply for sum up fall through 1. It rained heavily and our plan for a picnic _____________ so fell through we had to turn to some indoor activities ___________________________________. frustrated 2. The news that we had to work overtime during the holiday ____________ we had planned to travel abroad and had already booked tickets. everyone for_________________________________________________________. recall I’m sure I have seen you somewhere before 3. I can’t _______ your name but ________________________________________. apply for 4. The most important thing for you to do now is to __________ a job so that you can possibly make a living by yourself ______________________________________. summed up 5. At the end of the discussion, he ___________ what others had said, and __________________. added a few points

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Reading A

Model 1:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

I couldn’t, him, stop being a couch potato (talk) —I couldn’t talk him into stopping being a couch potato.

1. they, the children, tell the truth (frighten) They frightened the children into telling the truth. __________________________________________________________ 2. the girl, her father, give up smoking (persuade) The girl persuaded her father into giving up smoking. ___________________________________________________________

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Reading A

Model 1:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

I couldn’t, him, stop being a couch potato (talk) —I couldn’t talk him into stopping being a couch potato.

3. the government, the foreign spy, leave the country immediately (force) The government forced the foreign spy into leaving the country immediately. ____________________________________________________________ 4. their serious criticism, her, realize her selfishness (shock) Their serious criticism shocked her into realizing her selfishness. ___________________________________________________________ 5. he, her, marry him by pretending that he was the son of a millionaire (trick) He tricked her into marrying him by pretending that he was the son of ____________________________________________________________ a millionaire. ______________

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Reading A

Model 2:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

I was dismayed to find that my childhood could be summed up adequately in one sentence. —To my dismay , my childhood could be summed up adequately in one sentence.

1. I’m satisfied that his statement is correct. To my satisfaction, his statement is correct. ___________________________________________________________

2. He was overjoyed that his uncle gave him such a beautiful present.

To his great joy, his uncle gave him such a beautiful present. ______________________________________________________________

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Reading A

Model 2:

Task 7

Rewrite the following sentences after the models.

I was dismayed to find that my childhood could be summed up adequately in one sentence. —To my dismay , my childhood could be summed up adequately in one sentence.

3. He is delighted to know that his novel was accepted by the publishing house. To his delight, his novel was accepted by the publishing house. ______________________________________________________________ 4. The scientists were surprised to know that some animals can create their own language. To the scientists’ surprise, some animals can create their own language. ______________________________________________________________ 5. The students were disappointed that the books they needed were sold out at the bookstore. To the students’ disappointment, the books they needed were sold out ______________________________________________________________ at the bookstore. _______________

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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English paying attention to the highlighted parts.

1.你应该立即申请那个职位,要么亲自去,要么写信。 You should apply for that post immediately, in person or by letter. 2.由于我们俩互不让步,最后未能达成交易。 As neither of us would give in, the deal fell through. 3.他后悔浪费了那么多时间。 He regretted having idled away so much time.

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Reading A

Task 8

Translate the following sentences into English paying attention to the highlighted parts.

4.请将报告再检查一遍,以免漏掉重要内容。 Please check your report again in case something important is missed out. 5.你们应及时总结经验,作出必要调整。 You should sum up your experience in time, and make necessary adjustments.

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Grammar

Task 1 Task 2

Task 3

Home

Grammar Task 1

Study the following grammar tips for subjunctive mood and match them with the sentences in the column on the right.

1. 在表示建议、命令、请求等动词后 的宾语从句中,谓语用should + 动词原形,should 可以省去。 2. 在important, necessary等形容 词后的从句中谓语用should + 动 词原形,should可以省去。 3. 在表示建议、命令、请求等名词后 的同位语从句中谓语用should + 动词原形,should可以省去。 4. 在表示建议、命令、请求等动词被 动式后的从句中谓语用should + 动词原形,should可以省去。

A. It is important that children be taught at an earlier stage. B. He suggested that the assignment not be put off to the next week. C. The committee accepted his proposal that new technology should be introduced. D. It is required that every employee should master certain computer skills.

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Grammar Task 2

Complete the following sentences with the proper forms of the words below.

decided 1. It is_________ (decide) that some employees _________________(lay off) next month. (should) be laid off 2. His mother _________(advise) him that he ______________(turn advised (should) turn to to) his tutor. significant/of significance 3. It is ______________________ (significance) that another library (should) be established ____________________ (establish) in such a big community. urged (should) take 4. The doctor _________(urge) him that he ______________(take) a physical checkup. natural (should) give 5. It is _________(nature) that young man _______________(give) his seat to senior people.

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Grammar Task 3

Translate the following into English.

1. 你有必要亲自来开会。

It is necessary that you (should) come and attend the meeting in person.

2. 她的英文老师建议她每天朗读课文。

Her English teacher suggested she (should) read aloud the text everyday.

3. 她提议我们五一出去爬山。

She proposed that we go out and climb mountains on May Day. It is advisable that you should apologize to her.

4. 你去向她道歉是明智之举。

5. 你必须先做完作业,然后才能去踢足球。

It is essential that you should finish your assignment before playing football.

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Listening

Task 1

Task 2 Task 3 Task 4 Task 5 Task 6 Task 7

Home

Listening Task 1

Listen to the five statements twice and write them down.

I will never be more imaginative than I was in my childhood. 1. ________________________________________________ My brother always suggested that I quit watching television, but I declined. 2. ________________________________________________

3. When I stopped watching television completely, I found I had more time to think. ________________________________________________

I can totally resist the temptation of TV no matter how marvelous the programs 4. ________________________________________________ are. I had some reasons of my own to do research on the subject of television. 5. ________________________________________________

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Listening Task 2

Listen to the four dialogs, and choose the best answer for each of the questions you hear.

C B

1. A. In the evening. B. Before bed. C. Before dinner. 2. A. Watching TV. B. Reading books. C. Going to a fascinating world. 3. A. She eats a lot. B. She loves doing exercises. C. She loves lying on a sofa and watching TV. 4. A. The TV program is very popular with Tom’s friends. B. Tom is an idiot because he doesn’t know how to talk. C. Tom is doing his homework while watching TV.

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C

A

Listening Task 2

SCRIPT

1. Lisa: Mom, can I watch TV for a while? Mom: Sure, but just before dinner. You should do your homework in the evening. Q: When can Lisa watch TV? 2. Audra: I think watching TV is the best way of killing time. How about you, Ken? Ken: I prefer reading books. They are more enjoyable. Q: What does Ken like doing in his spare time? 3. Wife: Dear, I am gaining weight. It’s really annoying. Husband: You can’t blame others. You don’t do any exercise and always sit back on the sofa watching TV. Q: Why is the woman gaining weight? 4. Mother: Tom, don’t you think you should do your homework now? You’ve been watching TV all the morning. Tom: Mom, just let me finish this one. Everybody is talking about it. They’ll think I’m an idiot if I don’t know anything. Q: What can we infer from the dialog?

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Listening Task 3

Listen to the short passage and fill in the blanks with what you hear.

Television Television has played a major role during the last 50 years in providing entertainment ________________and news within the homes of people worldwide. There has in particular been much concern in the United States lately that television, ______________ , is not providing the proper kind of entertainment, especially for children. Many shows violence are filled with ______________ , bad language and a display of moral behavior not appropriate for children to view. Politicians have been discussing various solutions _________________to this problem. Bill Clinton has been in favor of a microchip that could be built into all new television sets that would enable parents to block the shows they did not want their children to watch. Also, it has been suggested _______________ that television shows should display a “rating” that would inform the viewer, before the show starts, about the moral quality of the show. Everyone agrees _____________ that programs not suitable for children should not be shown during the hours they are normally awake.

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Listening Task 4

Listen to the dialog and fill in the blanks with what you hear.

1. Most people choose to watch TV after dinner and they don’t spend enough time talking with their families and ____________________________ friends. opens our minds 2. People say that watching TV _______________ and gives us more information. in many other ways 3. We can also know our world ___________________, for example, reading newspapers.

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Listening Task 4

SCRIPT

Hostess: Welcome to Say What You Think. This is Helen Rayne. Today, Professor Maley is going to tell us his views on watching TV. Professor, what kind of programs do you usually watch? Prof: To be frank, I seldom watch TV. H: Really? May I know the reason? P: In my opinion, watching TV takes too much of our precious time. Most people choose to watch TV after dinner and they don’t spend enough time talking with their families and friends. H: Well, this might be a problem. P: What’s more, too much TV is also not good for health. H: But people say that watching TV opens our minds and gives us more information. What do you think? P: I agree. But we can also learn about our world in many other ways, for example, reading newspapers. H: Professor, would you give some suggestions to our audience? P: Spend less time watching TV and more time with our family members. H: Thank you very much.

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Listening Task 5

Practice the following expressions with your partner.

Asking for Opinions

What do you think about/feel about...?

Giving Opinions

I think/feel/believe that... I’d like to say... In my opinion/From my point of view, ... As far as I am concerned, ... Personally/To be frank/Frankly, … I’ve nothing to say about it./No comments.

What’s your opinion (about...)/view (on...)?

How do you like...? Do you agree/believe that...?

What do you have in mind?

Have you got any comments on...?

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Listening Task 6

Listen to the dialog. Decide whether the following statements are true (T) or false (F).

T F F T F

1.The hostess and the two guests talked about TV in the studio.

2. Both guests like TV very much. 3. Peter Lee agrees to the two guests’ views. 4. Peter Lee is the first person that was put through to the hostess. 5. Peter Lee thinks TV has more disadvantages than advantages.

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Listening Task 6

SCRIPT

Hostess: Good evening and welcome back to Thirty-Minute Talk Show. We’re now in the studio of the ABC Network. Just now the two guests here gave their opinions about TV. It seems they don’t fancy TV much. Now, let’s listen to the views from some audience members. Here comes the first call. Hello! May I have your name? Man: Hello! It’s Peter Lee. H: You’re now on the Thirty-Minute Talk Show. We’re talking about TV. What’s your opinion? Do you agree with the two guests? M: Er... personally, I can’t agree with them, because I really enjoy watching television. I think TV is really great. You know... It presents a vivid world in front of us. It tells us what’s happening right now in the world. H: Yes... M: And... everyone should admit that TV has more advantages than disadvantages. So if you ask me, I should say TV is good. H: Thank you for joining us. Mr. Lee, good-bye. M: Bye.

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Listening Task 7

Work in groups and create the following role-play.

A school newspaper reporter asks a student to give his/her opinions about a movie.

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Reading B & Reading C

Reading B Text Language Points Reading C Text

Task

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Reading B

Text

What I Look for in a Movie

I’ve picked most of my favorite movies on the basis that I think they provide great entertainment. A few were picked because I think they have important messages or an interesting way of giving us the messages.

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Reading B

Text

My favorite types of movies are comedies and romances. However, I can’t really think of a way to make clear about my sense of humor. I suppose you’ll just have to look over a list of my favorite comedies to get a feel for that. As for romance, Casablanca is my all time favorite movie.

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Reading B

Text

I prefer dramas that treat people as born with flaws rather than just “good guys and bad guys”. I enjoy a good allusion or two, but not those on which I will spend days before I can get the slightest idea. The best dramas always give me new understandings about someone else.

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Reading B

Text

I don’t like many action movies or horror movies. The ones I do like usually have difficult problems and good solutions. I don’t like to follow the characters into some complex situation only to have him or her get out with unbelievable coincidences, or with the help of some too smart or too stupid characters.

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Reading B

Text

Unlike others, I don’t get too upset when screenwriters use some plot point that’s been done before, although I do expect them to do better than just giving us a big car chase at the end of the movie. I don’t, however, approve of re-making classic movies.

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Reading B

Text

One more thing—it’s important to me that the characters have a little depth. Better we learn more about the characters as the movie progresses; it’s not good if all the character developments happen in the first five minutes and in the rest of the movie the characters just follow the path set before them. And it’s even worse if the screenwriter uses a stereotype for ANY major character.

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Reading B Language Points

allusion

n. a reference to, or representation of, a place, event, literary work, myth, or work of art, either directly or by implication e.g. In this essay, she made several allusions to Shakespeare’s plays. Translation 他的著作里用了很多典故。 His writings are full of classical allusions.

Text

Reading B Language Points

flaw

n. defect or weakness in a person’s character e.g. A tragic flaw is a literary term that refers to a personality trait of a main character that leads to his or her downfall. Translation 懒惰是他性格中的大缺点。 Laziness is the great flaw in his character.

Text

Reading B Language Points

coincidence

n. an event that might have been arranged although it was really accidental e.g. Though it looks like a coincidence, it is carefully planned by them two months ago. Translation 我昨天在街上碰到他了。纯属巧合!

I came across him in the street yesterday. Pure coincidence!

Text

Reading B

2357

Task

Read the passage and divide the following descriptions into likes or dislikes according to the writer’s ideas.

1468

1. having some unbelievable coincidences 2. having difficult problems and good solutions 3. characters having a little depth 4. screenwriter using a stereotype for ANY major character 5. treating people as born with flaws rather than just “good guys and bad guys” 6. characters being too smart or too stupid 7. giving new insight into the mind of someone 8. all the character developments happening in the first five minutes and in the rest of the movie characters following the path set before them

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Reading C

Text

Music and Me

happy Music is used when a (1)________ or sad event is remembered. Music brings people together and music has a message. I make music for myself. It’s like an exhaust pipe for me. All the things that are happening (2) __________ me come to around expression in the music. Happy thoughts, angry thoughts, all come together and blend mostly into two different styles.

alone middle mixing around crazy record satisfied happy to matters

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Reading C

Text

to When I put my mind a hundred percent (3)_________ music, I make melodies in my head, sometimes in the (4) middle __________ of the night. If I write them down at the moment, I don’t understand a thing of what I’ve written the next day. So recall now I just (5)___________ them when I have them. Many of my songs are made in this way. The way I make music is a way of living. I must make at least one song a week or I go (6) crazy _______!

alone middle mixing around crazy record satisfied happy to matters

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Reading C

Text

alone Making music (7) ___________is most of the time the ideal way of translating my emotions into music. But playing together with others has its own advantages. I have played in several bands now and the ability to perform and create songs together with others makes me really excited. So (8) mixing __________ these two ways of making music is a way I want to go to.

alone middle mixing around crazy record satisfied happy to matters

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Reading C

Text

matters It’s not the result that (9)__________ , because it can always be made better. I just do what I like to do, as long as I satisfied feel (10) ___________ with what I do. And that’s the way a musician feels.

alone middle mixing around crazy record satisfied happy to matters

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Writing

Writing for General Purposes

Task 1 Task 2 Writing for Specific Purposes Task

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Writing for General Purposes

Development by Comparison and Contrast

To present different things or different aspects of one thing in a passage, a writer tends to highlight the similarities or differences to deeply impress readers about the distinctive features. To achieve this purpose, the writer often uses comparison or contrast in description. Comparison is usually used to indicate the similarities, while contrast is used to show the differences.

Bikes have some advantages and disadvantages. First, they are very handy and convenient. It can carry you to anywhere you like in town and does not need a large parking place. Also, a bike, unlike a car, does not cause air pollution. What is more, it does good to your health if you ride it regularly. However, bikes have also brought about some problems. For example, they have made the streets very crowded, and some riders park their bikes anywhere, which leaves the city in a state of disorder.

In the previous paragraph, the writer uses contrast to present the advantages and disadvantages of bikes. In the next paragraph, however, the writer uses both comparison and contrast in describing a newly married couple.

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Writing for General Purposes

Development by Comparison and Contrast

Tim and Sally are a newly married couple. Both of them have jobs. Tim works in a bank downtown in the business district. He drives to his office. Sally has a law degree and works in a law office. She is now gaining the experience that she needs as she dreams of having her own office someday. Both of them grew up in a small town, so the trees and flowers in the park often remind them of their families. They miss the country life very much.

Comparison is used to indicate their shared features: both have jobs; both are from a small town; both miss country life. Contrast is used to indicate their differences: Tim works in a bank; Sally works in a law office.

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Writing for General Purposes Task 1

Study the following words and expressions and divide them into the following two groups.

both, while, but, the same as, otherwise, as… as, just as, similar to, similarly, whereas, however, resemble, nevertheless, likewise, in the same way, like, alike, differ from, be different from, in contrast, on the contrary

Suggested Answers: For Comparison: both, the same as, as... as, just as, similar to, similarly, resemble, likewise, in the same way, like, alike For Contrast: while, but, otherwise, whereas, however, nevertheless, differ from, be different from, in contrast, on the contrary

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Writing for General Purposes Task 2

Make use of the following sentences to form a paragraph.

1. Men remain attached to friends, but they do not necessarily keep in close touch. 2. Men call their families every other week or so, but a large amount of that is “checking in” (打招呼).

Sample Writing:

Men remain attached to friends, but they do not necessarily keep in close touch. They call their families every other week or so, but a large amount of that is “checking in”. They talk more about what they do rather than their feelings. As for new relationships, men are interested in finding a “buddy” (伙伴) much more than an emotional confident (知己). For women, however, staying connected with families and friends plays a central role in their lives away from home. They talk long if they call. They tend to write long letters to share their experiences and sometimes work out their misunderstandings. Women know the relationships they want and tend to express their feelings to their friends.

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Writing for Specific Purposes

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Writing for Specific Purposes

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Writing for Specific Purposes Task

Write a letter of invitation to a friend for the celebration of your parents’ wedding anniversary.

Sample Writing:

Dear John, I have arranged to celebrate my parents’ wedding anniversary with a party. All the family will be present, and we have agreed that you, as a good friend of the family, will be most welcome if you wish to attend. Therefore, the whole family formally invites you to come. The party will be held at our house next Tuesday, and will start at 7 p.m. Please note that informal dress is acceptable. Certain special activities have been arranged for the entertainment of the guests. We certainly hope that you will have the time for the party. We look forward to seeing you. Regards, Charles

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Presentation Notes (Template)

Presentation

Work in groups. Give a 5-minute presentation about your field work. Take notes while listening to other groups.

Group Number

Topic Conclusion Comment

1 2

3

4 5

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希望英语 (第二版)

综合教程 2

外语教学与研究出版社


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