Language points

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? 急救

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? 坐起来,熬夜 生病 触电 榨出 反复 适当 充当一道屏障 各种各样的 轻微肿胀

1. aid

n. & vt. 帮助; 援助; 资助 first aid 急救 帮助某人做某事 在……的帮助下 对……有帮助

aid sb. to do sth. with the aid of … be an aid for …

e.g.字典对学一门新语言有帮助。 A dictionary is an aid for learning a new language.

? 在他老师的帮助下,他已经克服了这个困难。 ? He has overcome the difficulty with the aid of his teacher.

2. temporary adj. 暂时的;临时的 n. 临时工;

他总是将有用的资料保存在一个临时文件 中为了将来使用。 He is always likely to save it in a temporary file for future use. 他在这儿的工作只是临时的 His job here is only temporary.

temporary (暂时的) house, He has a ___________ for he can’t afford a flat.

3. injury

n. 损伤;伤害 v. 受伤

? hurt为普通用语,既可指肉体上的伤害,也 可指精神上、感情上的伤害 ? injury比hurt正式,一般指由于意外或事故造 成损伤。 ? wound指枪伤、刀伤、,尤其指用武器有意 造成的伤口。

hurt wound injure You’ll hurt her feelings if you forget her birthday. The soldier was wounded in the arm. He was badly injured in the accident. My stomach hurts because I have eaten too many apples.

4.swell vi. & vt. swollen adj.

膨胀;隆起 肿胀的

The human population swelled, at least temporarily, as migrants moved south. 随着移居者南移,人口出现膨胀,至少是暂时 性膨胀。

? 看着他儿子领奖时,他心中充满了自豪。 ? His heart was swelled with pride as he saw his son receiving his award.

5.unbearable adj. 难以忍受的; 不能容忍的

一些学生总是犯同样的错误,这一点不能容忍。 Some students always make the same mistakes, which is very unbearable. By the evening it had become unbearably hot.

到了傍晚时分,天气已经变得酷热难耐。

bear

v. 负担;容忍;忍受;生育 n. 熊

bear … in mind = keep … in mind = learn … by heart 记住;背会

6. squeeze vi. & vt. 榨; 挤; 压榨 squeeze out 榨出; 挤出 squeeze into 我们中有五个人挤进了汽车的后排。 Five of us squeezed into the back seat of the car.

e.g.他太胖了仅能挤过门 He was so fat that he could only just squeeze through the door.

He ___________________ was squeezed out of the job market by young people. 通过反复挤压衣服里的水,让它变干直到适合 穿在身上。 Make the coat dry by ____________________ until it is fit to wear. squeezing the water out of it over and over again

7. over and over again

e.g.老师要求学生应反复读课文。

The teacher demands that the students

should read the passage over and over

again.

8. in place 在适当的位置;适当

out of place 不在适当的位置;不恰当 in place of... 代替…… take the place of... 代替,取代

[即学即练7] (1)She likes everything to be ____________ before she starts in place work. 她喜欢东西都摆好再开始工作。 in place at the ceremony. (2)Her dress was quite ____________ 在那个典礼上她的服装非常得体。 (3)I felt completely __________________ among all those out of place smart rich people. 在那些衣冠楚楚的富人中间,我觉得自己完全格格不入。

【小试】 选用以上短语的适当形式完成下列句子。 1. 我希望你把自己所有的书都在课桌上放

整齐。

I hope you can put all your books in place on the desk. ________

2. 运动会已经准备就绪,后天就要举行

了。

The arrangements for the sports meet

are __________ in place and it is going to __________ take place the day after tomorrow.

Ⅱ.重点句型详解 1.If burns are on arms or legs, keep them higher than the

heart, if_possible.

如果烫伤的部位在臂部或腿部,如果可能的话就要把手臂或 腿抬到高于心脏的位置。

if possible 为状语从句的省略,其完整形式为 if it is possible。

①If possible, do it by yourself.

可能的话,你自己做。 ②If possible, I‘ll go to Beijing tomorrow.

如果可能的话,明天我要去北京。

拓展:if so 如果这样的话 if not 如果不是的话 if any 如果有的话 if necessary 如果必要的话 if ever 如果曾经有的话

[即境活用1]

A.If ever

—I hear Bob has been ill in hospital for days.

B.If any

—______, let‘s go to see him.

C.If possible

答案:D

D.If so

解析:考查省略句 if so“如果这样的话”。

2. If the injuries are second or third degree burns, it is vital to get the victim to the doctor or hospital at once.

If …, it is vital to …

First degree burns turn white when they are pressed

A

Turn white when________. pressed

If burns are on arms or legs , keep them higher, if it is possible.

If burns are on arms or legs , keep them higher, if ________. possible.

拓展:if so 如果这样的话 if not 如果不是的话 if any 如果有的话 if necessary 如果必要的话 if ever 如果曾经有的话

1、状语从句的省略

(1)While ( you are ) crossing the road, you must be careful.

(2) If ( it is) heated , the water becomes steam.

2、情景省略 ( You )open the door. Please!

---Would you like to watch NBA ?

---(It ) sounds like a good idea.

(1) (I) Thank you for your help. (2) (I) haven’t seen you for ages.

(3) (It) Doesn’t matter.

(4) (I’m) looking forward to your reply.

3、不定式的省略

1) –Are you going to Tibet?

--Yes, I’d like to (go there).

2) --- Have you ever been to the seaside? --- No. I should have (been to the seaside), but I was busy then.

3). ---Is he a painter? ---Yes, he is (a painter). ---Are you a painter?

---No, but I want to be

(a painter ). 1. Do as the teacher tells you to. 2. I’m no longer what I used to be.

从A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出 可以填入空白处的最佳选项。 1. The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if __________ regularly, can improve our health. A. being carried out B. carrying out C. carried out D. to carry out (浙江2010)

2. Some of you may have finished unit

one. ______, you can go on to unit

two.

A. If you may

C. If not

B. If you do

D. If so (江西2009)

3. — What’s the matter with Della?

— Well, her parents wouldn’t allow

her to go to the party, but she

still _____.

A. hopes to B. hopes so

C. hopes not

D. hopes for

(江苏2009)

4. — Have you got any particular

plans for the coming holiday?

— Yes. ______, I’m going to visit

some homes for the old in the

city.

A. If ever B. If busy

C. If anything

D. If possible

(安徽2008)

5. — Do you have any idea what Paul

does all day?

— As I know, he spends at least as

much time playing as he ____.

A. writes B. does writing

C. is writing

D. does write

(重庆2007)

6. We all know that, ______, the

situation will get worse.

A. not if dealt carefully with

B. if not carefully dealt with

C. if dealt not carefully with

D. not if carefully dealt with

(2007全国卷I)

7. Don’t take too much of the medicine; it does you more harm than good if you ______.

A. do

C. like

B. take

D. have

(江西2007)

8. — I was wondering if we could go

skiing on the weekend.

— ______ good. A. Sound C. Sounding B. Sounded D. Sounds (湖北 2006)

? 1、割伤是我们日常生活中非常普通的伤。 2、这是一些处理割伤的建议。 ? 3、对于一个简单的割伤,清洗割伤的区域, 使它干燥并且用一条干洁布盖在上面是有 必要的。 ? 4、如果一个人血流地厉害,你必须设法止 血。一旦他失去三分之一的血,他可能会 死亡。 ? 5、把手帕压在出血点上,然后按住它止血 ? 6、如果有必要,送受伤的人去医院。


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