2017-2018学年黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市第八中学高二6月月考英语试题 Word版

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?2018学年黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市第八中学高二6月

月考英语试卷

本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题) 两部分。满分120分,考试时间100分钟。

第Ⅰ卷

第一部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

第一节(共15小题,每小题2分,满分30分)

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

A

Pacific Science Center Guide

◆Visit Pacific Science Center’s Store

Don’t forget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or remember your visit. The store is located (位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome.

◆Hungry

Our exhibits will feed your mind but what about your body? Our caféoffers a complete menu of lunch and snack options, in addition to seasonal specials. The café is located upstairs in Building 1 and is open daily until one hour before Pacific Science Center closes.

◆Rental Information

Lockers are available to store any belongings during your visit. The lockers are located in Building 1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available to rent at the Information Desk and Denny Way entrance. ID required.

◆S upport Pacific Science Center

Since 1962 Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion (热情) for discovery and lifelong learning in science, math and technology. Today Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million people a year and brings inquiry-based science

education to classrooms and community events all over Washington State. It’s an amazing accomplishment and one we cannot achieve without generous support from individuals, corporations, and other social organizations. Visit pacificsciencecenter. org to find various ways you can support Pacific Science Center.

1.Where can you buy a souvenir at Pacific Science Center?

A.In Building 1.

B. In Building 3.

C.At the laser Dome.

D. At the Denny Way entrance.

2.What does Pacific Science Center do for schools?

A. Train science teachers.

B. Distribute science books.

C. Inspire scientific research.

D. Take science to the classroom.

3.What is the purpose of the last part of the text?

A. To encourage donations.

B. To advertise coming events.

C. To introduce special exhibits.

D. To tell about the Center’s history.

B

It was a long week for Amanda at school. She stayed after school to work on a special project(课题) three days in a row. When she got home on Friday, she dropped into the chair with a sigh.

“What’s going on, Amanda?” her dad asked as he was reading the ne wspaper.

“I have to create a webpage for my technology class, and it is taking a lot more time than I thought it would,” Amanda answered.

Her dad looked over his newspaper and asked Amanda what the webpage was about.

“It’s about the difference between newspaper news and Internet news,” Amanda said and added, “I have to provide information, examples and illustrations(插图).”

“Sounds tough; do you have someone to help you?” her dad asked.

“I have a partner named Zach,” Amanda replied. “We did res earch on the Internet today and found some pictures to use.”

Then Amanda explained to her father the main differences: newspaper news is printed on paper, and Internet news is published online; newspaper news is only available once a day, and Internet news is published almost as soon as the news happens; many newspapers don’t even print a daily paper, and Internet news is published around

the clock.

Amanda’s dad asked, “Which type of news do you like better?”

“I like Internet news better because I like to learn about the news when it happens,” she answered.

Her dad said, “I still like newspaper news better because I like to hold the paper in my hands and turn the pages.”

Amanda dropped into her chair again and said, “You are so old school, Dad.”

4. Why did Amanda sigh when she came home?

A. She failed to pass the exam.

B. She was tired of school life.

C. She was worried about her school project.

D. She made a mistake in her technology class.

5.What did Amanda’s father t hink of her work on creating a webpage for her technology class?

A. Exciting.

B. Boring.

C. Interesting.

D. Difficult.

6. Which of the following may Amanda agree with?

A. People should pay for Internet news.

B. Newspaper news will soon disappear.

C. Internet news is given to readers in good time.

D. It is wrong to say no to newspaper news.

7. What kind of person is Amanda’s father?

A. He is a man who misses the past.

B. He is a man who cares little about news.

C. He is a man who knows the computer well.

D. He is a man who cannot live without the Internet.

C

Alexander von Humboldt was born in 1769 in Berlin, Germany. As a young boy, he wanted to learn about the world. Humboldt followed his dream. In 1799, he traveled with a friend to Central and South America.

On their trip, Humboldt and his friend saw and did many things. They sailed down

the Amazon River. They watched dolphins play in the ocean. They explored the rain forest and climbed mountains and volcanoes. They were able to make the first maps of the northern part of South America.

Humboldt set a world record for mountain climbing. He also made a discovery. During his climb, Humboldt became very sick. He found out that the higher he climbed, the less oxygen there was in the air. This made it more difficult to breathe. Later, this became known as mountain sickness.

Science was another part of Humboldt’s interests. He wanted to write about all of the new things he saw. He described the new plants, animals, and rocks which had never been seen by scientists before.

Humboldt also studied the way of life of the local people. He learned how the native people along the Amazon River used plants in their daily lives. For example, they used a strong poison from a vine(蔓生植物) to make poisoned arrows. The natives used these arrows for hunting their food.

The Amazon Indians also used a native plant to treat malaria (疟疾), a serious illness. The plant grew wild, but after it was dug up, it was never replanted. Humboldt warned the natives that the plant was in danger of dying out. He looked for ways to preserve the plant and to make it grow strong.

Although Humboldt took many risks during his trip, he lived to be 90 years old. In his lifetime, he made many discoveries and shared them with the world. As a tribute (颂扬) to Humboldt, there are rivers and mountains named after him.

8. We can infer that Humboldt was probably a (n)_______.

A. explorer

B. inventor

C. doctor

D. writer

9. Humboldt and his friend made maps of_______.

A. the central part of South America

B. the northern part of South America

C. the north part of Central America

D. the southern part of Central America

10. What do we know about mountain sickness?

A. It can be treated with a plant.

B. It is a serious illness like malaria.

C. It mainly influences one’s breathing.

D. It was discovered by Humboldt’s friend.

11. We can tell from the text that Humboldt was_______.

A. easy-going

B. imaginative

C. optimistic

D. ambitious

D

If doctors want to test you for something, they’ll usually take a blood or urine sample. But wouldn’t it be much more convenient if they just asked you to breathe through a special instrument?

In fact, your breath can say a lot about you. In traditional Chinese medicine, doctors draw a conclusion about the health state of a patient based on the smell of his or her breath; trained dogs and rats can identify the smells of the breaths of people suffering from certai n cancers; traffic police also monitor drivers’ alcohol consumption by testing their breaths.

Just like blood and urine, your breath contains lots of “metabolites” —the waste chemicals that the body produces, which vary from person to person. They are like personal health fingerprints, which is why scientists sometimes call them “breathprints”, according to Science Daily.

Compared to blood or urine testing, breath testing takes only seconds instead of hours, and it requires neither a needle nor a container to hold the body fluids(液). This means the test can be taken frequently to better detect early signs of diseases and monitor the progress of a medical treatment.

On the other hand, as an identifier, you might think that breaths are not as reliable as fingerprints since they might change based on what you eat. However, researchers in Zurich, Switzerland mapped 11 healthy volunteers’ chemical patterns by having them breathe through a special instrument, and they found that each pattern was unique and the patterns didn’t change much throughout the day, reported BBC.

“Our goal is to develop breath analysis to the point where it becomes competitive with the established analysis of blood and urine,” said Malcolm Kohler, professor at the University Hospital Zurich.

12.According to the text we know that______.

A. breath varies from person to person based on food

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2017-2018 学年黑龙江省齐齐哈尔市第八中学高二 6 月 月考英语试卷 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷 (非选择题) 两部分。满分 120 分,考 试时间 100 分钟。 第 Ⅰ 卷 第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分 40 分) 第一节(共 15 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 30 分) 阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Pacific Science Center Guide ◆Visit Pacific Science Center’s Store Don’t forget to stop by Pacific Science Center’s Store while you are here to pick up a wonderful science activity or remember your visit. The store is located ( 位于) upstairs in Building 3 right next to the Laser Dome. ◆Hungry Our exhibits will feed your mind but what about your body? Our café offers a complete menu of lunch and snack options, in addition to seasonal specials. The caféis located upstairs in Building 1 and is open daily until one hour before Pacific Science Center closes. ◆Rental Information Lockers are available to store any belongings during your visit. The lockers are located in Building 1 near the Information Desk and in Building 3. Pushchairs and wheelchairs are available to rent at the Information Desk and Denny Way entrance. ID required. ◆Support Pacific Science Center Since 1962 Pacific Science Center has been inspiring a passion ( 热情 ) for discovery and lifelong learning in science, math and technology. Today Pacific Science Center serves more than 1.3 million people a year and brings inquiry-based science -1- education to classrooms and community events all over Washington State. It’s an amazing accomplishment and one we cannot achieve without generous support from individuals, corpor


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